The material Constitution of the EU
  1. Constitutional values (substance).
  2. Constitutional principles (organizational).
    1. The principle of conferred powers.
    2. The principle of subsidiarity.
    3. The principle of proportionality.
    4. Flexibility.
  3. Constitutional principles (organizational and substantial).
  4. Liberty, democracy and rule of law.
  5. Protecting fundamental rights.

Keywords: formal constitution, material constitution, ideal constitution



Unit 4: The material Constitution of the EU.